Braces, Aligners And Retainers
Braces, Aligners and Retainers are used to correct alignment and shape problems of the teeth. Such dental issues can affect the overall look and appearance of a person. It can include crowding of teeth, crooked teeth, asymmetrical positioning, or gaps between teeth. Some opt for braces and aligners early in childhood, while others opt for this corrective equipment later in their adult life. Braces, aligners and retainers are custom made and an orthodontist conducts a thorough examination to determine the exact type and size of the tools that will help in straightening and realignment of your teeth. They will also decide whether braces or retainers are suitable for the existing condition.
- Braces : Braces are metal contraptions used to correct crooked teeth that can cause a bad bite. Braces help in moving the crooked teeth to the right place. There are various kinds of braces, like the metal ones that are conventional or the more modern ceramic braces. Wearing braces for a certain period helps to straighten and align the teeth.
- Aligners : Aligners have become the preferred choice over braces in recent times. They are custom-fitted ones made with plastic, and they help in quicker alignment. The more time an aligner is worn, the quicker the chances of alignment. As the teeth shift, aligners need to be changed based on the new shape.
- Retainers : As opposed to aligners, retainers hold the teeth in place and prevent them from shifting. Both aligners and retainers look the same, but do opposite tasks. Once the aligner has done its job, a retainer ensures that the newly moved teeth do not shift back. A retainer can be worn at all times or most times in the day when possible.
How much time braces require?
Braces treatment is a long and time lasting procedure requiring multiple follow up appointments. It depends on the dental condition of the patient and the response of the teeth, jawbones and gums. Few patients need fewer than 12 months wherein there are also patients needing up to 3 years of carrying the braces before their teeth attain the aspired position.
What is Invisalign?
Invisalign is a clear transparent removable orthodontic appliance without brackets and wires, that is customized according to the patient. It is a very thin appliance which makes it invisible. Before the treatment is done, the patient is required to undergo a digital smile design or digital imaging, which is why Invisalign provides a precise outcome.
How is Invisalign different from wire braces?
Invisalign is a series of thin and clear aligners that can be removed and cleaned easily. There is no problem with food lodgement with Invisalign as there are no metal brackets and wire-like in traditional braces. Invisalign is more comfortable as it is made of smooth transparent material and does not harm and irritate the gums or cheeks like metal brackets and wires.
Is Invisalign easy to maintain?
Yes, Invisalign is easy to maintain than standard fixed metal wired braces. It can be easily removed while eating. Both teeth and appliance can be cleaned easily without any hassle. The easy to maintain factor gives a major advantage to Invisalign over the standard metal wired braces.
Is braces a painful treatment?
Yes, initially and on tightening wires braces can cause pain and mouth ulcers but it subsides with time. Dentists will prescribe medicines and oral rinses for the very same reason. Sometimes braces can also lead to gum irritation and may hurt your cheeks. It is best to connect with your dentist to adjust the braces to avoid pain.
Can braces lead to the loosening of teeth?
No, loosening of teeth is a gum problem. It happens when gums and teeth are not cleaned properly. If dental hygiene is not maintained during braces treatment then it can lead to gum diseases. Few days post the metal wired dental braces are fixed, teeth begin to move and feel loose. It is the normal phenomenon of tooth migration and is the process that teeth use to shift through the braces.
Will braces fix teeth permanently?
Yes, braces fix the teeth permanently but soon after removing the braces, retainers must be worn by the patient for the stability of the new position of the teeth. Wear it as per the recommendation of the dentist. Also, ensure to visit the dentist on the appointment scheduled or once in six months to observe any signs of teeth movement. Practice good oral hygiene to keep your teeth and gum strong. This is how you can have the permanent result in place.
What are invisible lingual braces?
Invisible lingual braces are the type of braces that are fixed to the back surface of teeth making them invisible. In this type of braces, brackets are installed behind the teeth so that you can have the braces treatment without the braces be seen. This helps in avoiding loss of confidence in the patients as Invisible lingual braces have zero interference in the appearance of the patient.
Are lingual braces better than standard braces?
Yes when the patient is hesitating to show off metal braces to others, lingual braces are a good option. Also, there is less food lodgement in lingual braces. As lingual braces are a more effective and modest option when compared to traditional braces they are costlier comparatively as it has to be customised and tailor-made for each of your teeth.
Why are retainers needed?
Retainers are needed after an orthodontic treatment by braces or aligners to maintain the teeth permanently in the new position. They stabilise the newly aligned teeth permanently. It’s needed to use your retainer because as your body develops, your teeth tend to move in a position slightly. The retainer is used to help to regulate this shifting, which happens naturally.