Cervical Screening

Cervix is the mouth of the uterus and the inside of the vagina. It consists of two parts – endocervix and ectocervix. Endocervix is the inner part, while the ectocervix is the outer part. This is an important organ that supports the position of the fetus and the uterus during pregnancy and delivery. It also aids in the movement of sperm.

Why opt for a cervical screening?

A healthy cervix is important for a healthy pregnancy and the overall health of a woman. Abnormal cervical growth can lead to issues like cervical cancer. It also affects the reproductive life of a woman. Cervical screening helps in the early diagnosis of issues and illnesses.


  • PAP test : Cells are collected from the cervix and tested for abnormalities and the possibility of cancer.
  • HPV test : Detects the presence of human papillomavirus. The collected cells are tested for HPV strains.
  • Colposcopy : With a special magnifying instrument called a colposcope, abnormal cells are highlighted when placed a few inches away from the vulva. It gives better visibility to the tissues and detects any abnormalities.


  • Is cervical screening necessary?

    Yes, cervical screening is very important as it helps in the early detection of cervical cancer. It is recommended for all women 21-65 years of age to prevent cervical cancer and its complications. It is also advised to women suffering from abnormal symptoms of abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding after intercourse.

  • Is cervical screening painful?

    No, cervical screening is not a painful procedure. In this procedure, a speculum is used to hold and widen the vagina walls. This might cause a little discomfort and pressure on the vagina which subsides after the removal of the speculum. Other than this cervical screening is a painless diagnostic procedure.

  • What are the Risk Factors of Cervical cancer?
    • Risk factors increase the chances of cervical cancer in women. These factors are:
      • Smoking
      • STD infections
      • Family history of cervical cancer
      • Diethylstilbestrol (DES) drug exposure
      • Long term use of birth control pills
      • Early active sexual age and pregnancy
      • Multiple sexual partners
      • Unprotected intercourse
      • Multiple childbirths
      • Exposure to HPV (HumanPappiloma virus)
      • Immunity compromising diseases or drugs
  • How cervical screening helps with treating cervical cancer?

    Cervical screening helps in the early diagnosis of the abnormal changes and overgrowths of the cervix. These can be a sign of cervical cancer. So an early diagnosis of cervical cancer leads to early treatment and recovery of the patient. If left untreated cervical cancer can spread to other parts of the body leading to the untimely death of the patient.

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