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Controlling, Managing And Preventing High Blood Pressure At MEDSTAR’s Hypertension Clinic 

Are you struggling with high blood pressure management for yourself or for your family member? Hypertension aka high blood pressure requires careful management to keep it under normal range and to avoid its complications. At MEDSTAR, we have a separate hypertension clinic and an experienced clinical team for the careful management and care of hypertensive patients.

What is hypertension?

● Hypertension, aka high blood pressure, is defined as consistent high pressure on blood vessels due to blood flow against resistance. A blood pressure reading of 135/85 mmHg or above indicates high blood pressure.

● Blood pressure is the pressure applied by the blood onto the walls of blood vessels. It is measured in mmHg ( millimeter of mercury) and two readings of systolic and diastolic pressure.

● The systolic reading represents the blood pressure on arteries when a heart contracts. The diastolic reading represents the pressure of blood on arteries when a heart relaxes.

● There is no exact normal blood pressure value but a reading at or below 120/80 mg is considered normal for an adult. This value changes with age, posture, exercise, and sleeping. Blood pressure range:

○ Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg;

○ Elevated: 120-129/80 or less than 80 mm Hg

○ Stage 1: 130-139/80-89 mm Hg

○ Stage 2: 140/90 mm Hg;

○ Hypertensive crisis: Systolic over 180 and/or diastolic over 120 requiring immediate medical attention.

What Are The Causes of Hypertension?

Hypertension is categorized into primary and secondary hypertension according to the cause.

● Primary Hypertension: It is also known as essential hypertension or idiopathic hypertension, and its cause is unknown. This condition develops slowly with age without any apparent cause.

● Secondary Hypertension: This condition is caused by an underlying condition. It presents suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Causes of secondary hypertension are:

○ Obstructive sleep apnoea

○ Kidney disease

○ Adrenal gland tumors

○ Thyroid disease

○ Congenital or birth defects in blood vessels

○ Medications like birth control pills, nasal decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, etc.

○ Drug abuse of cocaine and amphetamines

● There are also risk factors that increase the chances of hypertension. These are:

○ Age: Older adults above 55 years may develop hypertension

○ Gender: Men have more chances of developing hypertension

○ African race is more affected by hypertension condition

○ Family history

○ Sedentary lifestyle and stress

○ High sodium and low potassium intake

○ Chronic medical conditions like diabetes, kidney disorder

○ Obesity

○ Tobacco and alcohol consumption

What Are The Symptoms of hypertension?

● Hypertension is also known as the silent killer as it can be present without any symptoms and the patient might not know that he/she has it. In most cases, hypertension is noticed due to its serious symptoms and complications. It may present the following symptoms:

○ Headaches

○ Shortness of breath

○ Nosebleeds

● It is advised to check blood pressure regularly to avoid serious complications.

What are the complications of hypertension?

Untreated hypertension can lead to:

● Brain Stroke

● Heart attack

● Heart failure

● Aneurysms - rupture of blood vessels

● Peripheral vascular disease

● Kidney disease

● Complications during pregnancy

● Eye damage resulting in vision loss

● Vascular disease

● Erectile dysfunction

Are You Eligible for hypertension treatment?

● Hypertension is a serious medical condition affecting 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women. The patient can opt for hypertension treatment as soon as possible on noticing the symptoms and consistent high blood pressure readings with or without lifestyle modifications.

● Visit MEDSTAR for a check-up, consultation, careful monitoring, and treatment of the cause of hypertension.

Why choose MEDSTAR for treatment? The MEDSTAR Advantage

At the hypertension clinic of MEDSTAR, we provide round-the-clock hypertension emergency services for hypertensive patients. Our hypertension management includes comprehensive HBP (high blood pressure) evaluation, patient education, risk assessment, and management. We have experienced doctors to guide, support, and treat patients suffering from high blood pressure.

How is hypertension treated?

Hypertension treatment includes lifestyle modifications and medicines. Medicines help in treating the causes and symptoms of high blood pressure. The main aim of the treatment is to keep blood pressure within the normal range to avoid complications. 

What are the various options for hypertension treatment at MEDSTAR?

Lifestyle modifications

Lifestyle modifications play a very important role in the management of hypertension. It includes a customized diet plan, active lifestyle, and patient education. All these factors help in maintaining the normal range of blood pressure.

● Diet: At MEDSTAR, our clinical team prepares a customized diet plan for the patient based on eating habits and requirements.

● Active lifestyle: The patient is advised to follow an active lifestyle by including exercises according to the health condition.

● Patients are educated about hypertension, do's and don'ts, risks, and complications.

Medical treatment

● Drugs used for treating hypertension are:

○ Diuretics are the first line of medications that help kidneys eliminate sodium and water from the body, decreasing the blood volume, hence lowering the blood pressure.

○ Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB) medications that help relax blood vessels by blocking the formation of a natural chemical that narrows blood vessels resulting in relaxation and dilation of blood vessels.

○ Beta-blockers are medications used to widen blood vessels resulting in reduced workload on the heart. It is usually given in combination with other medications.

○ Aldosterone antagonists are drugs that block the effect of a natural chemical that can lead to salt and fluid buildup, which can contribute to high blood pressure.

○ Renin-inhibitors are used to slow down the production of renin, an enzyme produced by kidneys responsible for blood pressure.

○ Vasodilators are medications that work directly on the muscles in the walls of arteries, preventing the muscles from tightening and arteries from narrowing.

○ Central-acting agents are the medications that prevent the brain from signaling to the nervous system to increase heart rate and blood vessels constriction.

● The dose and frequency of the medicines are determined by the doctor based on the medical condition of the patient. Do not self medicate or stop medicines without consulting the doctor.

The patient will start feeling better in 3-7 days after starting the hypertension treatment. The patient might feel lightheadedness, nausea, excessive urination, and dizziness after starting medicines. These symptoms will go away after the adjustment of the body to medicines. A healthy diet and an active lifestyle are recommended with medical treatment as these factors also help control high blood pressure.

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is defined as constant high pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels of the body. Clinical reading of 140/90 mmHg or above blood pressure is considered hypertension. Mostly it is discovered after its complications show up, otherwise, it is asymptomatic in most cases.

Can hypertension be cured?

Hypertension is a chronic condition of the high pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels. It can be managed by:

● Taking medications regularly

● Regular blood pressure monitoring

● Active lifestyle  

● Maintaining healthy body-weight

● Diet changes like low intake of sodium

● Treating the underlying cause of the high blood pressure

Will lifestyle changes help in managing hypertension?

Yes, lifestyle changes help in managing hypertension. Lifestyle changes or modifications are advised by the doctor before starting medications for high blood pressure. When blood pressure is not controlled by lifestyle modifications, then medical treatment is started. Lifestyle changes include:

● Active lifestyle  

● Maintaining healthy body-weight

● Diet changes like low intake of sodium

● Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption

What are the side effects of medical treatment of hypertension?

● Medications used for the treatment of hypertension have the following side effects:

○ Cough

○ Diarrhea or constipation

○ Dizziness or light headedness

○ Erection problems

○ Nervousness

○ Fatigue

○ Headache

○ Nausea or vomiting

○ Skin rash

○ Weight loss or gain without trying

● Most of the side effects are mild and subside with time. In case of severe or constant symptoms, consult the doctor.

What are the complications of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is a serious health condition and can lead to dysfunction of the brain, heart, kidneys, and blood vessels. Complications of hypertension are:

● Brain Stroke

● Heart attack

● Heart failure

● Aneurysms - rupture of blood vessels

● Peripheral vascular disease

● Kidney disease

● Complications during pregnancy

● Eye damage resulting in vision loss

● Vascular disease

● Erectile dysfunction

How to manage hypertension?

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition with serious complications but it can be managed by:

● Medications

● Active lifestyle  

● Maintaining healthy body-weight

● Diet changes like low intake of sodium, adding more fibers

● Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption

● Keeping sugar and cholesterol levels within normal range

● Treating the underlying cause of the high blood pressure

Consult our experienced doctors for guidance and support for managing hypertension.

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