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Getting Pain-Free Joint Movements Back With Joint Clinic

Joint movements are basic body functions but necessary for daily life routines. Certain medical conditions, age and trauma can damage the joint structure resulting in restricted painful movement of the joints. Our joint clinic at MEDSTAR provides advanced solutions for joint pain from diagnosis, treatment to physical therapy to restore the functions of the joints.

Joints in the body can be defined as the point where two or more bones meet allowing the free and painless movement of the bones to perform normal functions of the body. These joints are affected by age, weight, lifestyle, medical conditions and trauma resulting in painful movements. Due to advancements in surgery, several safe procedures are now available for restoring the movements of the joints. At MEDSTAR we provide a range of procedures to precisely diagnose and treat wrist, elbow & shoulder, knee and hip joint pain.

Wrist Pain Treatment

  • Wrist pain can be caused by several factors like trauma, fractures, a medical condition like arthritis or abnormal movements. 
  • Successful treatment of wrist pain depends on the accurate diagnosis of the pain. Diagnosis helps in knowing the underlying cause and location of the pain for effective treatment.

Elbow and Shoulder Pain Treatment

  • Elbow and shoulder pain can be treated by medicines, steroid shots, and aspiration. But in cases of recurring elbow and shoulder pain surgery is advised as the permanent solution.
  • In the surgical treatment of the elbow and shoulder, the cause of the pain is removed for smooth functioning of the joints.

Knee Pain Treatment

  • Knee pain treatment includes physical therapy, medications and injections. Severe knee pain cases that do not respond to non-surgical options are treated by surgery.
  • Surgical options for knee pain treatment are arthroscopic surgery, total or partial knee replacement and osteotomy. 

 Hip Pain Treatment

  • Hip pain is treated by rest, cold compress, medications, therapy and steroids injections. But in severe hip pain cases, surgery is used to eliminate the cause of the pain and restore the functions of the joint.
  • Surgical repairs, placement of pins, screws or plates and total hip replacement surgery are the surgical options for the treatment of hip pain.

What is Joint Pain?

  • Joint pain aka arthralgia can be defined as the pain in joints caused by the damage to joint structures like cartilage, ligament, tendon, nerves, muscles and bones. 
  • It is caused by several factors and it is very important to find out the exact cause of the pain for effective treatment without recurrence. The most common cause of joint pain is arthritis (inflammation of the joints).
  • Joint pain can start slowly but if ignored it can lead to restricted movement of that joint interfering with the daily life routine. 

What Are The Causes of Joint Pain?

Joint pain is caused by:

  • Daily activities or sports exerting abnormal and excess pressure on joints
  • Excess weight or obesity
  • Fractured bones and dislocated joints
  • Ligament and tendon injury
  • Abnormal healing after trauma
  • Nerve compression by adjacent structures
  • Medical conditions like gout, osteoarthritis, Carpal tunnel syndrome (pain in the wrist caused by nerve compression due to thickening of the ligament) 
  • Autoimmune diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis (healthy tissues attacked by the body’s immune system)
  • Tendonitis: Inflammation of the tendons of the joints
  • Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa (small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints)
  • Joint degeneration due to ageing, excess weight or medical conditions like arthritis

When to see the doctor for joint pain treatment?

  • The patient can opt for joint pain treatment if rest, hot or cold compress and avoiding vigorous activities is not helping in relieving the pain and the patient is suffering from chronic recurrent pain.
  • Also, the patient must see the doctor immediately if joint pain is accompanied with:
    • Stiffness in the joints
    • Difficulty in standing, walking or in other movements of the joint
    • Numbness, tingling and loss of sensation 
    • Abnormal swelling or shape of the joint
    • Persistent and severe pain
    • A clicking sound is present while the movement of the joint
    • Signs of infection (fever, chills, redness)
  • Visit MEDSTAR for complete diagnosis, treatment and prevention of causes of joint pain by our expert orthopaedic surgeon. 

Why choose MEDSTAR for treatment? The MEDSTAR Advantage

MEDSTAR provides the advantage of highly experienced orthopaedic surgeons and the latest diagnosis technologies for joint pain management. Our patients get the benefits of safe and effective treatment options with the least complications and quick recovery. We provide a range of services for the diagnosis and treatment of joint problems.

How is joint pain treated?

  • Successful treatment of joint pain depends on an accurate diagnosis to find out the cause of the pain. Diagnostic procedures are as important as treatment options for joint pain management. 
  • Joint pain can be treated with both non-surgical and surgical options. Non-surgical treatments are cortisone injections, medications, slings or splints, hot or cold compression and orthopaedic rehabilitation. 
  • Surgically joint pain is treated by arthroscopy, partial or total joint replacement and repositioning of bones in cases of fractures. Damaged parts of the tendons, ligaments or bursa are removed through surgery.
  • The choice of the type of treatment depends on the factors like type, location and severity of pain, age and overall health of the patient.

What are the various options for Joint Pain treatment at MEDSTAR?

Wrist Pain Treatment

Wrist pain is treated by:

  • Non-surgical treatment by the use of medications, bandages and physical therapy.
  • Surgical treatment includes surgery for:
    • Fractured bones: In this surgery, broken pieces of bones are repositioned and stabilized with the help of screws, pins and plates to promote normal healing.
    • Carpal tunnel syndrome: It is treated surgically by cutting the thickened ligament to relieve the pressure in the nerve.
    • Repairing and reconstructing ruptured tendons and ligaments of the wrist joint.

Elbow And Shoulder Joint Pain Treatment

Elbow and shoulder joint pain can be treated by:

  • Non-surgical treatments like medications, joint Injections, bandages and physical therapy.
  • Surgical options are :
    • Open surgery: In this surgery, the surgeon will make an incision slightly above the joint and remove or repair the damaged tendon, ligaments or bursa. 
    • Arthroscopy: in this type of surgery, small cuts are made on or above the elbow, through which tubular instruments & arthroscopes (thin tube with a tiny camera and light) are inserted into the joint. With the help of these instruments damaged tendons, ligaments or bursa are removed or repaired.
  • Other treatment options :
    • PRP therapy: Plasma rich platelet therapy is used for regeneration and healing of the damaged tissues of the bone joint. PRP is obtained from the blood of the patient and is injected into the joint.
    • Nerve Modulation: In this procedure, an electric current is used to modulate nerves to reduce the pain.

Knee Joint Pain Treatment

Knee joint pain is treated by:

  • Medications are used for relieving the symptoms of pain, swelling and redness. It also helps in reducing the inflammation of joints and increases the production of fluid present in the joint. 
  • Physical therapy is used to strengthen and stabilize the muscles around the joint. 
  • Injections are used to directly inject medicines into the knee joint. Hyaluronic acid, corticosteroids and PRP are injected to promote healing, reduce inflammation and regenerate tissues of the joint.
  • Surgical options include:
    • Arthroscopic surgery: This surgery uses a fibre-optic camera and long, narrow tools inserted through a few small incisions around the knee to remove loose tissues from the knee joints. It is also used to remove or repair damaged tissues of the joint.
    • Partial knee replacement surgery: In this procedure, the surgeon replaces only the damaged portion of the knee with implants made of metal and plastic, through small incisions. 
    • Total knee replacement: In this procedure, the surgeon replaces the whole knee joint by removing bone and cartilage from the thigh bone, shinbone and knee cap, with an artificial joint made of biocompatible materials. 
    • Osteotomy: This procedure is used to remove a little part of the bone from the thigh bone or shinbone for better alignment of the knee joint and relieve pain. In some cases, this surgery can delay or avoid total knee replacement surgery.

Hip Pain Treatment

Hip pain can be treated by :

  • Non-surgical options of medications, bandages, injections and physical therapy in cases of early stages of damage to the hip joint.
  • Surgery is advised in advanced cases of damage to the tissues of the hip joint. Surgical options include:
  • Arthroscopy to examine and treat hip joints with the use of arthroscopes and other instruments. It helps in treating the cause of pain by minimum invasion resulting in quick recovery and rapid healing of the joint.
  • Open surgery is performed by making large incisions to access the hip joint and treat the cause of the hip pain.
  • Repair and reconstruction surgery is used to repair or reconstruct damaged tissues of the hip joint for smooth pain-free movement of the hip.
  • Debridement of loose and damaged small pieces of tissues of the hip joint.
  • Femoral osteoplasty is used to correct hip joint alignment and restore the movements of the hip. In this procedure, an excess bone from the femoral neck is removed to create space in the joint for free painless movement of the hip.
  • Periacetabular (hip socket) Osteotomy is used to reshape the hip socket by cutting or removing bone for the better alignment of the hip joint.
  • Minimally Invasive Hip Replacement aka Advanced Hip Replacement Surgery: In this surgery, damaged or necrosed parts of hip bone and cartilages are removed and modern inert implants are fixed.  
    • This surgery results in rapid recovery of the wound and hip joint movement with minimum chances of infection

  • Before joint surgery, the patient is instructed to:
    • Adjust or stop ongoing medications to avoid complications.
    • Follow the diet instructions given by the clinical team before the surgery.
    • Arrange someone to take the patient home and stay with them after the surgery.
  • After joint surgery, the patient is instructed to:
    • Take prescribed medications regularly to get relief from pain & swelling and prevent infection.
    • Take complete rest as recommended by the surgeon for proper healing.
    • Wear a splint, sling or use crutches as instructed by the surgeon.
    • Do not miss the follow-up appointment as it will help in tracking the healing of the wound and prevention of unwanted complications
    • Follow physical therapy sessions for proper movement of the joint.
    • Avoid activities that exert pressure on the treated joints. Resume daily life activities after consulting the surgeon.
  • Contact the surgeon in case of severe pain, swelling or abnormal bone positions after surgery.

After joint pain treatment patients will start noticing improvement in the movement of the joints and reduction of the pain after 7-10 days in cases of non-surgical options. After surgical treatment patients will get relief from pain, swelling and redness in a couple of days. Full range of movement of joints will be seen after 3 months of the surgery followed by physical therapy. Joint pain treatment helps in treating the cause of pain resulting in improved quality of life of the patient.

Is medical treatment necessary for joint pain?

Yes, it is necessary to treat joint pain, if it is not relieved by rest and home remedies of hot or cold packs. It is recommended to contact the doctor asap if the pain is recurring and accompanied with:

  • Stiffness in the joints
  • Difficulty in standing, walking or in other movements of the joint
  • Numbness, tingling and loss of sensation 
  • Abnormal swelling or shape of the joint
  • Persistent and severe pain
  • A clicking sound is present while the movement of the joint
  • Signs of infection (fever, chills, redness)

Can arthritis affected knees be treated?

Yes, arthritis affected knees can be treated successfully. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints resulting in severe pain and restricted joint movement. Arthritis can be caused by ageing and autoimmune disorder which damages the tissues of joints. It is treated by medicines, injections of steroid or hyaluronic acid, PRP therapy and physical therapy. Surgery is recommended in severe cases of knee pain.

What are the benefits of joint surgery?

Benefits of joint surgery:

  • Relief from pain, swelling and redness of the joints
  • Restoration of the joint movements
  • Proper alignment of bones of the joint
  • Removal of the joint pain and information
  • Improvement in the quality of life of the patient.
  • Reduces risk of chronic health conditions like heart diseases, depression etc.

What are the risks of joint surgery?

Joint surgery is associated with:

  • Normal surgical complications of wound infection, pain swelling and bleeding.
  • Infection and failure of the implant or prosthesis
  • Blood clotting
  • Malfunction of the implant or prosthesis 
  • Nerve injury in rare cases resulting in numbness, tingling or loss of sensation
  • Loss of function or movement of the joint

What is the recovery time of joint surgery?

The recovery time after joint surgery depends upon the:

  • Age and medical health of the patient. Good health results in quick recovery.
  • The habit of smoking delays the healing and recovery of the patient
  • Minimally invasive techniques used for surgical treatment results in rapid recovery and better healing
  • Tissue damage- Treatment of less tissue damage needs less recovery time.

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