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What is Joint replacement?

The term arthroplasty refers to the surgical replacement of a joint. The Orthopedic surgeon will remove a damaged joint surface and replace it with a metallic joint surface during the procedure. Metal, ceramic, or heavy-duty plastic can be used for the artificial joint (prosthesis). The new joint has the same function and outward appearance as the natural joint and moves in the same way. 

The joint replacement specialist can replace joints in any part of your body, but hip and knee replacements are the most common types of arthroplasty.

The majority of people who undergo this procedure will require total joint replacement. A partial joint replacement is only appropriate for a small number of people in which only the damaged part of the joint is replaced. Arthroplasty recovery times vary. It depends on your age and lifestyle, as well as the procedure you had done and the joint you had replaced.

What are the conditions treated by Joint replacement?

Primarily, there are 3 main conditions:

  1. Osteoarthritis (OA): This condition refers to the deterioration of cartilage due to arthritis, one of the most common causes of knee replacement. This condition results in stiffness, pain, and even at times, swellings. In the advanced stages, the cartilages get worn off allowing direct contact between the bones resulting in severe pain.

  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease in which your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in your body, resulting in inflammation (painful swelling) in the affected areas. RA primarily affects the joints, which are usually attacked at the same time.

  3. Post Traumatic Arthritis: Post-traumatic arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that develops after a trauma. It develops quickly compared to other types of arthritis where development in the condition happens over a period of time. Post-traumatic arthritis is a short-term problem, and most people recover within a few months. Post-traumatic arthritis can sometimes progress to a chronic (long-term) condition. If your symptoms are severe and limiting your quality of life, you may need surgery. Most people can control their post-traumatic arthritis by making lifestyle changes and exercising, which are often part of their overall recovery plan after an injury.

Are You Eligible for Joint replacement? When to see the doctor?

Joint replacement is an option opted for when all non-surgical options fail to show satisfactory results. You should see a doctor when the joint's pain and stiffness are severe and  interfere with your daily activities like climbing stairs, walking, bending or even resting.

Joint replacement comes with extensive post-op recovery care.  It is not advisable for people with severe osteoporosis, infection or regular smokers. This procedure is viable for those patients, who are in the normal weight range, are healthy overall and have someone to take care of them while administering recovery.

Why choose MEDSTAR for joint replacement? The MEDSTAR Advantage 

The orthopedic team at MEDSTAR comprises highly skilled orthopedic surgeons who have performed over 2000+ joint replacement procedures. Our team has a reputation for performing effective and risk-free joint replacement surgery. Our surgeons evaluate the patient's condition and advise them on their options. Our patients also benefit from advanced procedures and technologies for a thorough preoperative evaluation, the best possible results, a quick recovery, and the fewest possible postoperative complications.

Above all, our team is led by a leading Orthopedic surgeon with 14 years of experience who was trained in Germany and has performed over 200 joint replacements.

It takes a few hours to perform total joint replacement surgery. It can be done at a hospital or an outpatient surgery center.  During surgery, your joint's damaged cartilage and bone are removed and replaced with metal, plastic, or ceramic prosthetic components. The prosthesis is designed to look and move like a natural joint. In an arthritic hip, for example, the damaged ball (the upper end of the femur) is replaced with a metal ball attached to a metal stem that is fitted into the femur, and the damaged socket is replaced with a plastic socket implanted into the pelvis.

How to prepare for Joint Replacement?

Your surgical team and primary care doctor will spend time preparing you for your surgery in the weeks leading up to it. Your primary care physician, for example, may examine your general health, and your surgeon may order several tests, such as blood tests and a cardiogram, to aid in the planning of your surgery. 

You can also prepare in a variety of ways. Make an appointment with your doctor and ask any questions you have. Physically, prepare yourself by eating well and exercising regularly. Arrange for help and obtain assistive items, such as a shower bench, handrails, or a long-handled reacher, to help you manage your first weeks at home. You can help ensure a smooth surgery and quick recovery by planning ahead.

Post operative care for Joint Replacement

The procedure for a successful joint replacement does not end in the operating room. The hours, days, and months after surgery are equally important. Your doctor will tell you certain things, such as: 

  1. In the hours after surgery, numbness around the incision or grogginess from the anesthesia. In a few hours, the effects of anesthesia will wear off. 
  2. Swelling may occur after surgery and last for 7 to 10 days. 
  3. You may experience stiffness in the days following surgery if you move around a lot. The body will need time to adjust to the replacement because the muscles and tissues surrounding the joint are weak as a result of the surgery.
  4. It's possible that clots will form or that the incision will become infected. Maintaining hygiene, keeping the incision clean, and watching for signs of clot formation are all critical.

Here are some helpful tips for a quick recovery: 

  1. It is critical to eat well in order to recover. Even if you lose some of your appetite after surgery, make sure to eat well and stay hydrated. If you need any supplements to help you recover, talk to your doctor. 
  2. After surgery, the only way to strengthen your muscles and resume regular activity is to move the joint. Simultaneously, it is critical to exercise restraint. If necessary, doctors from the best joint replacement center will recommend some exercise or a physiotherapist. 
  3. Contact your doctor as soon as possible if pain persists or worsens months after surgery.

Following surgery, you will be on your own to walk the road to recovery. The doctors at MEDSTAR have made it the best joint replacement center in Dubai, and they will help you recover. However, rest assured that choosing the right doctor can make a significant difference in the speed with which you recover. Make sure you find a reputable doctor and the best joint replacement hospital in Dubai.

9 out of 10 people report significant improvements in their quality of life after surgery, but this does not happen overnight. Most people take about three months to return to most activities, and it can take anywhere from six months to a year to fully recover and regain strength.

Will knee replacement get rid of Rheumatoid arthritis?
Knee surgery may relieve arthritis pain temporarily, but it does not cure the disease. Even after joint surgery, managing your arthritis will be necessary to reduce knee pain.

How many knee replacements can you have in a lifetime?
The knee implants used in 85 percent to 90 percent of total knee replacement patients will last 15 to 20 years. As a result, some patients who have a knee replacement at a younger age may require a second operation to clean the bone surfaces and reattach the implants.

When should you get a knee replacement?
If you have any of the following symptoms, it may be time for knee replacement surgery:

  • Knee pain that prevents you from doing the things you want to do every day
  • Day or night, moderate or severe knee pain while resting
  • Knee swelling and inflammation that does not go away despite rest or medication
  • An inward or outward bowing of your leg
  • NSAIDs don't work for you, or you can't tolerate them.
How is knee replacement surgery performed?
Knee replacement takes 1 to 2 hours on average. Damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee by the surgeon. The doctor then inserts metal implants into the thigh and calf bones. A plastic spacer is placed between the metal pieces to aid in the smooth movement of the new joint.

Is shoulder replacement surgery worth it?
Total shoulder replacement is a highly successful procedure with a 90% 10-year survival rate. Many patients recover with extremely functional shoulders and are able to resume normal daily activities and low-impact sports without pain.




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