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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Can Affect Women's Health In Many Ways - Visit MEDSTAR to Treat PCOS

Are you suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS? Or are you suspecting that your present symptoms are related to PCOS? Do not worry and visit MEDSTAR for complete diagnosis and effective treatment of symptoms of PCOS by our experienced gynaecologist and clinical team to treat or prevent PCOS

What is PCOS - PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome?

● Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal disorder common in females of reproductive age. In this disorder, male hormones are produced more than the normal levels in females affecting the fertility and overall health of the patient.

● When male hormones, aka androgens, exceed the standard value in females, it results in delayed maturation and release of female eggs. These unreleased and immature eggs form fluid-filled sacs called cysts in the ovaries. Hence the name polycystic ovarian syndrome. These cysts can produce male hormones, further worsening the patient's condition.

What are the causes of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome?

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown. But following factors can be related to it:

● High insulin levels with insulin resistance

● Obesity

● Family history

● Overproduction of male hormones

● Inflammation

What are the symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian syndrome?

PCOS causes:

● Acne

● Infertility

● Excessive hair growth in male pattern

● Irregular or no menstrual cycles

● Weight gain

● Abdominal pain

● Abnormal bleeding during menstrual cycles

● Male pattern baldness

● Darkening of skin on the back of the neck, armpits, and under breasts

What are the complications of PolyCystic Ovarian syndrome?

Complications of PCOS are:

● Infertility

● Gestational diabetes

● Pregnancy-related high blood pressure

● Miscarriage or premature birth

● Nonalcoholic liver inflammation is caused by fat accumulation in the liver

● Metabolic syndrome presented by high blood pressure and high levels of blood sugar & cholesterol

● Type 2 diabetes

● Sleep apnea

● Depression and anxiety

● Abnormal uterine bleeding

● Cancer of the uterine lining

Are you eligible for the treatment of PolyCystic Ovarian syndrome?

● Around the world, 6 - 26 % of the women population is suffers from PCOS. In some women, all symptoms are present, while in some women, one or very few symptoms are present, but in either case, treatment of PCOS is advised.

● The patient can opt for the treatment in case of:

○ Irregular periods or no periods

○ Excessive hair growth on body parts

○ Acne

○ Difficulty in conceiving

○ Weight gain

● The consulting doctor will ask the patient for diagnostic tests to confirm the PCOS and start treatment accordingly.

Why choose MEDSTAR for PolyCystic Ovarian syndrome treatment? The MEDSTAR Advantage

PCOS is getting common and affects women of reproductive age due to poor lifestyle or genetics. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is treatable, but early diagnosis and treatment of the symptoms play a significant role in improving the lives of the patient. AT MEDSTAR, we provide all diagnostic tests and experienced doctors for PCOS treatment and care of the patient.

How is PolyCystic Ovarian syndrome diagnosed and treated?

● PCOS is diagnosed by:

○ Detailed medical and family history

○ Physical examination of the pelvis

○ Blood tests to determine the levels of males hormones, insulin, sugar and cholesterol in the blood

○ Ultrasound to check  abnormal cysts formation in the ovaries and thickness of endometrium of the uterus

● The objectives of PCOS treatment are to treat the symptoms and prevent complications. It is treated by lifestyle modifications, medications and surgery based on the patient's age, medical conditions, symptoms and pregnancy plan.

What are the various options for PolyCystic Ovarian syndrome treatment at MEDSTAR?

Lifestyle modification

● Lifestyle modification includes a change in diet and more activity to reduce weight loss and decrease insulin resistance. It combines a low-calorie healthy diet with exercise so that it will help reduce patient's weight and hence improve the symptoms of PCOS.

● We provide customized diet and exercise plans for maximum benefits with medical therapy.

Medications

● Medications are used to treat the symptoms and avoid complications of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. The type and dose of medicine are determined by the doctor based on the symptoms, age, medical condition and plan of pregnancy of the patient.

● Medications are used:

○ To regulate menstrual cycles - the doctor prescribes estrogen and progesterone pills.

○ The doctor prescribes anti-estrogen pills, metformin, gonadotropins, and letrozole for ovulation.

○ Aldactone, birth control pills, and Eflornithine are used to treat excessive hair growth and acne. For more hair growth treatments, read laser hair removal and for acne, read acne treatment (link)

● Do not self-medicate as these medications can lead to a serious hormonal imbalance resulting in permanent damage to the body or female reproductive system. Always consult the doctor before starting and stopping the medical therapy. 

PCOS Post-treatment Care

  • With PCOS treatment, patients are advised to follow an active lifestyle and low-calorie diet to maintain a healthy weight.
  • After laparoscopic ovarian drilling, the patient is advised to rest for a couple of days. However, patients can resume their daily routine after 24 hours. Complete healing of ovaries takes about 2-4 weeks.

After starting PCOS treatment, it will take a couple of weeks to notice the improvement in the symptoms. PCOS can not be cured but can be managed by treating symptoms and preventing complications. The patient is advised to maintain a healthy weight, follow a low carb or low-calorie diet and adopt a more active lifestyle for the maximum benefits from the medical and surgical treatment of PCOS.

What is PCOS?

● PCOS is a polycystic ovarian syndrome caused by hormonal imbalance in females. In this disorder, there is increased production of male hormones which causes delayed or no ovulation resulting in multiple cyst formations in ovaries.

● This hormonal disorder is getting common in females of reproductive age due to an unknown exact cause but poor lifestyle and genetics can also lead to PCOS.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

PCOS diagnoses include:

● Detailed medical and family history of the patient

● Physical examination of the pelvis

● Blood tests to check the levels of male hormones, blood sugar and cholesterol

● Ultrasound is used to see the abnormal cyst formation in the ovaries and thickness of the endometrium of the uterus.

Is PCOS curable?

● Early detection is key to treatment for PCOS.  Proper diagnosis and medications are used to:

○ Manage abnormal hormone levels for regular menstrual cycle and ovulation

○ Treat the symptoms like excessive body hair growth, acne, etc

○ Prevent the complications of PCOS

● Lifestyle modifications including exercises and diet are also recommended for the maximum benefits of the medical treatment.

What happens when PCOS is not treated?

If left untreated PCOS can result in:

● Infertility

● Gestational diabetes

● Pregnancy-related high blood pressure

● Miscarriage or premature birth

● Non-alcoholic liver inflammation is caused by fat accumulation in the liver

● Metabolic syndrome presented as high blood pressure and high blood sugar & cholesterol levels

● Type 2 diabetes

● Sleep apnea

● Depression and anxiety

● Abnormal uterine bleeding

● Cancer of the uterine lining

Can PCOS affect my fertility?

Yes, the polycystic ovarian syndrome can cause infertility in females. It causes infertility by stopping female egg maturation and release from the ovary due to hormonal imbalance. It is a common reason for infertility in females, around 6-26 per cent of the female population is suffering from the polycystic ovarian syndrome.

How can PCOS be prevented?

The exact cause of the polycystic ovarian syndrome is unknown but environmental factors and genetics can also play an important role in causing hormonal imbalance. It can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle including exercises and a healthy diet in everyday routine. Maintaining a healthy weight, normal blood sugar and cholesterol levels can prevent developing PCOS.

What are the risk factors for PCOS?

Risk factor results in hormonal imbalance and increases the chances of PCOS. Risk factors for PCOS are:

● Family history increases the chances of the patient developing polycystic ovarian syndrome

● Obesity

● Sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet

● Diabetes and insulin resistance

● Inflammation

● Birth control pills

● Stress

● Uncontrolled blood sugar and cholesterol levels




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