Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgeries refer to the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of injuries, ailments and any kind of defects for either aesthetic purposes or functional requirements of oral and maxillofacial areas of the face. This branch also performs cosmetic procedures to rectify the defects of jaws, mouth and facial features.
- Injury and trauma surgery
- Dental implants
- Jaw corrective surgery
- Oncology surgeries and removal of tumors in the facial region
- Facial and oral reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
- Cleft lip and palate surgery
Not all oral and maxillofacial surgeries are complex or involve lengthy procedures. Although, care needs to be taken after such procedures to ensure that the recovery and healing process is effective. Patients can return to active work within a couple of days. In complex procedures, rest and recuperation can take up to weeks or months. Diets recommended by the surgeon need to be followed. Regular rinsing of the mouth and routine soft brushing is advised. Post reconstructive surgery, patients can experience a change in speech too. Scars may take a few months to heal.
How is cleft lip and palate treated?
- Cleft lip and palate is an abnormal condition due to incomplete fusion of facial tissues during foetal development inside the mother. It is a gap present in the lip or the palate or both lip and palate together.
- Treatment of cleft lip and palate includes the repair and reconstruction of lip and palate resulting in the normal function of speech, hearing and eating.
- This condition can be treated by surgery only. These surgeries are performed during the first 10-12 months of the baby. For the complete reconstruction and complete normal functioning of the lip and palate, the child may need more than one surgery.
What to expect after cleft palate surgery?
After cleft palate surgery the patient is able to feed properly, there is no passage of food or milk into the nose through the mouth. Ear infections are also reduced. This surgery helps in improving the quality of life of the baby. But for normal functions like speech and hearing, other surgeries or treatment might be required with the growth of the baby.
How long to recover from cleft palate surgery?
It takes 3 to 4 weeks for surgical wounds to heal post cleft palate surgery. Usually, after the 1st week, the baby is back to normal behaviour. To protect the surgical wound from touching or rubbing, the baby is made to wear padded arm splints to restrict hand movements. After 3-4 weeks follow up appointments are scheduled to track the progress of healing.
Who is an oral and maxillofacial surgeon?
The oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the dentist who specialises in the surgical treatment of disorders related to the mouth and facial region. The oral surgeon performs surgeries to treat, repair and reconstruct the hard and soft tissues of the oral and facial region. He/She also helps in reconstructing these regions for cosmetic purposes.
How much time a bone graft take to heal?
Healing of the bone graft depends upon the size of the graft and the location of the bone graft. In the case of oral bone grafts, it takes 2 weeks to 2 months to heal completely. Bone grafts will completely fuse with the recipient’s bone in 2 months. Healing might get delayed due to pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes, the habit of smoking or infection of the surgical wound. The surgeon will give you strict instructions to be followed post-surgery for quick and normal healing of the bone graft
Where does dental bone graft come from?
- Bone grafts can be obtained from the patient( autograft), other humans(allograft) and animals(xenografts). Synthetic bone grafts are also available for clinical use. These are made up of synthetic bone proteins and polymers.
- In the case of oral surgeries, autografts and synthetic bone substitutes are preferred. Autograts are obtained from the hip bone, tibia, chin and bony area behind the wisdom tooth (retromolar area) of the patient.
What is a bone graft for a tooth implant?
A bone graft for a tooth implant is the procedure of transplanting the bone graft to increase the strength of the jawbone before the placement of the dental implant. Bone graft fuses with the jaw bone and increases the chances of stability of the dental implant. Mostly, autografts and synthetic bone grafts are used for bone grafting before dental implants.
What are temporomandibular joint disorders?
- The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull. This joint helps in the normal functioning of the lower jaw like eating, speech opening and closing of the mouth.
- Conditions affecting the normal functioning of this joint movement are called temporomandibular joint disorders. These disorders can be localised like trauma or can be the symptom of a medical condition like arthritis.
Are temporomandibular joint disorders curable?
Treatment of TMJ disorders is entirely based upon the diagnosis to identify the cause of the disorder. Accurate diagnosis of the cause of the TMJ disorder and its treatment results in effective and long-lasting results. Diagnosing the disorder requires a skilled and experienced oral surgeon who specialises in TMJ treatment. At MEDSTAR, our patients get the advantage of treatment from our experienced oral surgeon who also specialises in TMJ disorders.