Hernia is a condition where an organ of mass of tissues protrudes out of its cavity due to the weakening of muscles of the cavity. This is caused by constant pressure on the muscles of the body cavity, which leads to the weakening of muscles that in turn leads to a hernia.
- Inguinal hernia – A portion of the small intestine bulges out from weakened muscles of the pelvis.
- Femoral hernia – Fatty tissue of the intestine protrudes through the opening on the floor of the abdomen.
- Umbilical hernia – Fatty tissue pushes through the abdomen near the navel.
- Hiatal hernia – A part of the stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm.
- Obturator hernia – It occurs through the obturator canal and is seen in women with a history of multiple pregnancies.
- Abnormal swelling or bulge in the groin, scrotum, or abdominal area.
- Pain at the site of the bulge
- Pain while lifting weights or doing strenuous tasks
- Feeling of bowel obstruction
- Fever, nausea, vomiting
There are two approaches to hernia treatment
- Open hernia surgery – In this approach, a single long incision is made in the area of the hernia, and herniated organs are pushed back. The incision is sutured with or without placing a mesh.
- Laparoscopic surgery – In this method, several incisions are made through which, herniated organs are pushed back and secured with sutures.
Specific treatments available at Medstar
- Primary muscular repair or Shouldice’s repair
- Simple Prolene Mesh Repair or Leichenstein’s Repair
- Laparoscopic Repair ( TEP and TAPP Repair )
- 3-D Mesh Hernia Repair
Is Hernia curable?
Yes, a hernia is curable by the use of modern procedures. A hernia is an abnormal condition of bulging fat or tissue mass through weakened muscles. It is can be treated by surgical procedures only.
In these surgical procedures, under anaesthesia, an incision is made on the bulging part or hernia. Through this opening herniated fat or tissues or organs are pushed back into their normal position and weakened muscles spot is supported and sealed by the use of mesh prosthesis. Lastly, the surgical wound is sutured back and is left for healing.
How does a Hernia feel?
A hernia feels like an abnormal bulging lump. It is a painful bulging lump that disappears in a lying position. You feel pain while lifting heavy objects or while doing strenuous activities. When the bulging mass contains a part of the colon that can get strangulated it can cause severe abdominal pain, colon spasm, bowel movement obstruction and discomfort.
When should I seek medical help regarding hernia?
Visit the doctor if :
- You start noticing an abnormal bulge in your abdomen or on the upper part of your thighs that is causing discomfort and pain.
- The bulge is increasing in size and causing lots of discomfort and pain while doing daily routine activities.
What causes a hernia in Adults?
- A hernia is an abnormal condition in which through weakened muscles mass of tissues or organs is pushed outside the normal position. This happens due to constant pressure on weakened muscles of the abdomen.
- Causes of constant pressure in adults are:
- A congenital condition
- injury or surgery
- Chronic coughing or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
- Strenuous exercise or lifting heavyweights
- Pregnancy, especially having multiple pregnancies
- Fluid in the abdomen
- Family history of hernias
- Tumours or abnormal masses in the abdomen
- Peritoneal dialysis used to treat kidney failure
Can I check myself for a hernia?
You can check yourself for Hernia if it is visible to your own eyes properly. Otherwise, you can only feel a bulging lump that might disappear in the sleeping position.
You can feel the pain in the bulge while doing strenuous activities like coughing, lifting weights, etc.
For the final diagnosis, visit our hernia specialist at MEDSTAR for a full check-up, ultrasound-assisted diagnosis and effective treatment.
Can hernias be treated without surgery?
No hernias cannot be treated without surgery. They can be treated effectively only by surgical treatment. In surgical treatments under anaesthesia, an incision is made on the bulging site and herniated mass is pushed back. The surgical wound is sutured back. Mesh can be placed to strengthen and seal the weak muscles spot.
Most of the hernia surgeries can be completed in few hours and the patient can go home the same day.
Can I walk after hernia surgery?
No, just after surgery patient is advised to take a rest for the full day. The patient might feel pain while walking and sitting which is normal after hernia surgery. For this pain, rest is advised and pain medications are prescribed by the surgeon. The patient can resume daily routine in 3 to 5 days.
What is the best way to recover from hernia surgery?
Follow the instructions given by the surgeon to recover quickly and healthily post hernia surgery.
The patient is advised to:
- Take prescribed medications regularly
- Full day rest post-surgery
- Avoid strenuous activities like exercising
- Clean the wound and change the dressing daily
- Maintaining healthy diet
In case of any confusion, do not hesitate and call or visit the hernia department at MEDSTAR.
Can I live with a Hernia without surgery?
No, you cannot live with a hernia without surgery. Hernia if left untreated can lead to complications like:
- Severe constant pain in the bulge
- Pain while doing strenuous activities
- Increase in the size of the bulge
- Severe discomfort hampering the daily life routines
- Bowel movement obstruction in case of herniated colons
- Nausea, vomiting, heartburn