Cervical Cauterization

Cervical cauterization is a surgical procedure to treat cervical erosion. Cervical erosion occurs due to damaged tissue or overgrowth of unwanted cells outside or inside the cervix. It can be detected with the help of PAP tests, colposcopy and biopsy. Cervical polyps, STDs, chlamydia infections, hormonal imbalances, multiple pregnancies and more, can lead to cervical erosion. White colour vaginal discharge, blood discharge, pain or bleeding after intercourse can also be evidence of symptoms. Cauterization removes unwanted tissues through heat or cold treatment. Such a procedure done on the cervix is called cervical cauterization.


  • Cauterization : Electric current is passed through electrodes leading to necrosis of unwanted growth.
  • Laser : High-power laser radiation is projected on the affected area and affected tissues are vaporised and removed.
  • Cryocauterization : Done by inserting a cryoprobe that releases liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy unwanted tissue.
  • Chemical cauterization : Chemicals of concentrated acids are applied to the affected tissues resulting in necrosis.


  • What is cervical erosion?

    The cervix is the lower part of the uterus joining the uterus to the vagina. It is also known as the neck or mouth of the uterus. The part towards the uterus is the inner part of the cervix called the endocervix and the part towards the vagina is called the ectocervix. The cells of the cervix can get irritated, inflamed or can overgrow from the endocervix to ectocervix leading to painful and bleeding conditions called cervical erosions.

  • What are the benefits of cervical cauterization?

    Women can notice improvement of their symptoms after the procedure of cervical cauterisation. This procedure is safe and does not affect the childbirth process of the patient. After the complete healing of the cervical tissues, patients can enjoy their normal life. The recurrence of cervical erosions is very rare but there is a probability that the condition may recur due to the female sex hormones activity.

  • How to diagnose whether it is cervical erosion or not?

    The most common symptoms are vaginal discharge and pain or bleeding after intercourse. If you see these symptoms do not hesitate to consult a gynaecologist. The gynaecologist will perform or ask you to get lab tests done like PAP smear test, colposcopy and biopsy. Lab tests are also done to rule out other diseases like infections, HIV or STDs. Proper diagnosis is very important as cervical erosion may lead to cervical cancer. Read more about cervical screening.

  • What are the risks of cervical Cauterisation?

    Cervical cauterisation is a safe and effective procedure when performed by an experienced doctor but the following side effects can be seen:

    • Vaginal discharge- The patient may experience an increase in vaginal discharge for 15 days following the procedure
    • Severe pain in the lower abdomen
    • Swelling, redness and pain in the vulva
    • Scar at the site of therapy
    • Cervical blood vessel damage
    • Cervical canal obstruction
  • What is the prognosis of cervical cauterisation?

    Cervical cauterisation has a very good prognosis. In most cases, healthy healing occurs with few complications after the procedure. Medications are prescribed for healthy healing and avoid infections of the cervix. The patient is advised to follow the instructions strictly for proper healing. Choose the doctor wisely as unwanted complications can be avoided easily by the knowledge and experience of the doctor.

  • When to see the doctor after the procedure?

    Your doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment to track the healing and check infections. So the patient is advised not to miss the follow-up appointment after cervical cauterisation. Also, consult a doctor if you have severe abdominal pain, bleeding, abnormal discharge, swelling, redness and fever post-treatment. Though these symptoms are rare but need medical attention.

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