Pain in joints can lead to stress, trauma, and other physical and emotional issues. Sometimes, joint pain can start from an early age itself due to stressful life, work-life imbalance, overstrain, obesity, and more. Arthralgia or joint pain can be caused by damage to muscles, bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendon, nerves, etc. We tend to ignore joint pains during younger ages, which leads to further complications in the older age. Common areas of joint pain are the wrist, elbow and shoulder, hip, and knees.
- Extreme sports
- Strenuous work
- Sitting or standing for long
- Post-surgical complications
- Nerve compressions
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Non-surgical procedure : Slings or splints, medications, hot or cold compression, physiotherapy.
- Surgical interventions
- Arthroscopy, where damaged tendons and ligaments are repaired with the help of arthroscopes.
- Open surgery – with an incision above the joint, damaged tendons and ligaments are repaired.
- Fractured bones are repositioned and stabilized with the help of screws, pins, and plates.
- PRP therapy – plasma-rich platelet is obtained from the blood and injected into the joint for cell regeneration and activity.
- Knee replacement – a surgeon replaces part of a knee with implants or the whole knee with bio-compatible materials.
- Osteotomy – a little part of the bone is removed for better alignment and movement of the joint.
- Hip replacement – damaged part of hip bone and cartilages are removed and implants are placed.
Dr. Prem James Charles
Specialist – Orthopaedics
Is medical treatment necessary for joint pain?
Yes, it is necessary to treat joint pain, if it is not relieved by rest and home remedies of hot or cold packs. It is recommended to contact the doctor asap if the pain is recurring and accompanied with:
- Stiffness in the joints
- Difficulty in standing, walking or in other movements of the joint
- Numbness, tingling and loss of sensation
- Abnormal swelling or shape of the joint
- Persistent and severe pain
- A clicking sound is present while the movement of the joint
- Signs of infection (fever, chills, redness)
Can arthritis affected knees be treated?
Yes, arthritis affected knees can be treated successfully. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints resulting in severe pain and restricted joint movement. Arthritis can be caused by ageing and autoimmune disorder which damages the tissues of joints. It is treated by medicines, injections of steroid or hyaluronic acid, PRP therapy and physical therapy. Surgery is recommended in severe cases of knee pain.
What are the risks of joint surgery?
Benefits of joint surgery:
- Relief from pain, swelling and redness of the joints
- Restoration of the joint movements
- Proper alignment of bones of the joint
- Removal of the joint pain and information
- Improvement in the quality of life of the patient.
- Reduces risk of chronic health conditions like heart diseases, depression etc.
What is the recovery time of joint surgery?
The recovery time after joint surgery depends upon the:
- Age and medical health of the patient. Good health results in quick recovery.
- The habit of smoking delays the healing and recovery of the patient
- Minimally invasive techniques used for surgical treatment results in rapid recovery and better healing
- Tissue damage- Treatment of less tissue damage needs less recovery time.