Sports Medicine

The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, management, and treatment of sports injuries. It helps in maintaining better health and fitness of sportsmen. This involves a team consisting of various experts like doctors, nutritionists, dieticians, and physiotherapists. Sports of various types tend to put physical stress on sportsmen and athletes. The continuous practice also puts pressure on the tendons, ligaments, muscles, and bones of sportspeople. In such cases, sports medicine can help them recover.

Common sports injuries

  • Pain and swelling under the foot
  • Hamstring pull
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Concussion
  • Sprains
  • Lower back pain
  • Groin pull


  • Physical therapy
  • Diet management
  • Exercise regimen
  • Over-the-counter medications, vitamins, supplements
  • Physiotherapy and rehabilitation
  • Steroid injections


  • What are the benefits of sports medicine?

    What are the benefits of sports medicine?

    • Diagnosing and treating uncomfortable conditions resulting in improved athletic performance.
    • Improved confidence and self-assurance
    • Relief from discomfort, chronic aching, soreness, irritation, or pain interfering with personal and professional life.
    • Improved joints mobility
    • Better social and psychological health
    • Prevention of further sports injuries or unwanted complications of sports or exercise
    • Customized care according to the needs and preferences of the patient
    • Improved physical fitness.
  • What are the risks of sports medicine?

    Sports medicine therapies are very safe, but their risks can include:

    • Allergic reaction to treatment materials like medications, bandages, or local sprays.
    • Relapse of the condition on returning to the normal sports or fitness routine.
    • Some patients don’t get satisfactory results after the treatment.
    • Common side effects of burns, loss of sensation, or temporarily heightened discomfort due to physical therapy or medications
    • Surgical complications of infection, swelling and bleeding in cases of orthopaedic surgery
  • How long will it take for me to get back to my sport or fitness routine?

    Recovery time depends on the following factors:

    • Severity and location of injury: The recovery time for minor injury or injury of the body part involved in minimum movements is less in comparison to major injury or moving parts of the body.
    • Surgical treatment takes more recovery time
    • Age, health and medical condition of the patient
    • Physical therapy results
  • How can I recognise a sports injury?

    Common symptoms of sports injury include:

    • Joint swelling, pain and immobility.
    • Visible deformity or abnormal mass in arms, legs, or joints.
    • Inability to fully move a joint
    • Inability to stand or walk.
    • Back or neck pain-especially if there is also numbness, weakness or pain
    • Dizziness or loss of consciousness after head trauma during sports
  • Is frozen shoulder treatable?

    Yes, frozen shoulder is a treatable condition of the shoulder joint and its treatment involves management of pain and restoring the full range of motions of the shoulder joint. It can be treated by:

    • Medications like NSAIDs and steroids.
    • Physical therapy to recover the mobility of the shoulder joint.
    • Steroid injections to decrease pain and improve shoulder mobility.
    • Joint distension by injecting sterile water into the capsule of the shoulder joint to stretch the tissue and improve mobility.
    • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) uses electric current to stimulate the release of pain inhibiting molecules called endorphins or block pain impulses
    • Shoulder manipulation is performed under general anaesthesia and the shoulder joint is moved in all directions by the surgeon to lose the tightened tissue.
    • Surgery for frozen shoulder is performed rarely and advised in cases of frozen shoulder showing no improvement by therapy or medications. It is also called arthroscopic surgery.
  • Is ACL reconstruction surgery safe?
    • Yes, ACL reconstruction surgery of the damaged knee ligament is a safe procedure. In this procedure, the damaged ligament is removed and replaced by a tendon graft which provides support for the new growth of the ligament.
    • Proper rehabilitation therapy also helps in normal healing and restoring the normal movements of the knee joint.
    • Some rare side-effects of ACL reconstruction are:
      • Infection, bleeding and swelling of the surgical site
      • Damage to the adjacent structure
      • Failure of the graft
      • Restricted movement of knees

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